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【阅读世界】压力与松弛

时间:2014-07-04 14:23 作者:泛扬英语 点击: 166 次

       It is often believed that only rich middle-aged businessmen suffer from stress. In fact anyone may become ill as a result of stress if they experience a lot of worry over a long period and their health is not especially good. Stress can be a friend or an enemy: it can warn you that you are under too much pressure and should change your way of life. It can kill you if you don’t notice the warning signals. Doctors agree that it is probably the biggest single cause of illness in the western world.

       人们往往以为,只有富有的中年商人才受精神压力的折磨。事实上,倘若长时间过度焦虑而身体状况又不特别好,任何人都会因为压力而病倒,压力可以是你的朋友,也可能是你的敌人,它可以警告你目前的生活太紧张,应该换一种生活方式。如果你对这些警告信号置之不理,它可能会毁掉你。医生们一致认为,压力很可能是西方世界人们患病的最主要的单一原因。
        When we are very frightened and worried our bodies produce certain chemicals to help us fight what is troubling us. These chemicals produce the energy needed to run away fast from an object of fear, and in modern life that’s often impossible. Unfortunately, if we don’t use up these chemicals, or if we produce too much of them, they may actually harm us. The parts of the body that are most affected by stress are the lung, heart, skin, heart attacks, and may even drive people to suicide.
       当我们非常恐惧或焦虑的时候,我们的体内会产生某些化学物质来帮助我们抵御这些困扰我们的情绪。这些化学物质能迅速产生摆脱恐惧对像所需的能量:而要想摆脱恐惧的对像,在现代生活中常常是不可能的。不幸的是,如果我们用不完这些化学物质或它们产生过多,都会对我们实实在在地造成伤害。受压力损害最大的器官或身体部位是肝脏、心脏、皮肤、头部和背部。压力可能导致车祸、心脏病发作,甚至可能驱使人们去自杀。
       Our living and working conditions may put us under stress. Overcrowding in large cities, traffic jams, competition for jobs, worry about the future, any big changes in our lives, may cause stress. Some British doctors have pointed out that one of the Britain’s worst waves of influenza happened soon after the new coins came into use. Also if you have changed jobs or moved house in recent months you are more likely to fall ill than if you haven’t. And more people commit suicide in times of inflation.
       我们的生活和工作状况可能使我们产生精神压力。大城市的过度拥挤、交通堵塞、就业竞争、对未来的焦虑以及生活中的种种变故都会带来压力。有此事英国医生指出,英国一次最严重的流行性感冒就是在新硬币流通之后不久爆发的。同样,如果近几个月内你调换工作或搬过家,你患病的机率就会比正常情况下高一些。还有,通货膨胀时期,自杀的人会更多。
        As with all illnesses, prevention is better than cure. If you find you can’t relax, It is a sign of danger. “When you are taking work home, when you can’t enjoy an evening with your friends, when you haven’t time for outdoor exercises- that is the time to stop and ask yourself whether your present life really suits you.” Says one family doctor. “Then it’s time to join a relaxation class, play chess, or take up dancing, painting or gardening.” 
       正如对待所有的疾病一样,预防比治疗更为重要。如果你发现自已无法放松,那就是危险的信号。“当你把未完成的工作带回家,当你不能和朋友们共度晚会的好时光,当你帛不出时间进行户外活动-这个时候你应该停下来,问问你自已,眼下的生活是否适合你。”一位家庭医生如是说“倘若如此,你就该去上一门休闲课,或者去跳跳舞,绘绘画,种种花草。”
 

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